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How To Set Up A Compound Bow: 9 Steps Assembly Process

Setting up a compound bow might not look easy for beginners, but once you get the instruction right, it will not seem so tough. Besides, you need to have a few specific pieces of equipment to complete the task properly. So if you don't know how to set up a compound bow, just follow the article.

We have tried to describe the steps as simply as possible so that you don't have to struggle to understand them, even if you are an amateur. Once you are done with the setting up, all you need to do is test the bow by shooting.

And change a few things if you are not pleased with the result. So, without further ado, let's get started.

When it comes to setting up a new bow or replacing any equipment, you need to be very careful. One mistake can mess up the whole process. So, follow the instructions strictly. Let’s follow the steps:

Step-1: Draw Length Measurement

Every individual has a different height and body structure. And to match that, setting up the draw length will vary from person to person. So, let's see how you can measure your draw length.

  • At first, stretch your arms.
  • Measure the wingspan from the end point of your middle figure.
  • Now divide the number by 2.5.
  • The calculated result is your draw length.
Compound Bow Draw Length Anatomy

Step-2: Draw Weight Setup

Draw weight is one of the most important factors to set up a compound bow. You can easily do it by tightening or loosening the limb bolt with an Allen wrench.

And to perform the procedure correctly, please check the manual of your compound bow to confirm the specific tolerance related to pick weight. Besides, the website has a bow's manual, you can check that as well.

Step 3: Set The Cam Timing

On a compound bow, the cams are usually synced together. The cams move in perfect unison while firing. But while doing so, a slight change in the bowstring might occur. This can happen in both new strings and old ones.

Put the bow on the press to check the timing marks on both cams. If the cable is favoured on the top of the marks on the cam, then you need to shorten the cable. And if the cable is on the bottom side of the timing marks, then it needs to be lengthened. 

To lengthen the cable, press the bow and remove the cable from the cable post. Now twist in the opposite direction so the strands are twisted. And to shorten the cable, twist them in the same direction as the strands are. 

Now, check the timing again and repeat until you get an accurate result.

Step 4: Mount The Peep Sight

Now it is time to set up the peep sight. The peep sight sits on your bowstring and helps you align the anchor point and sights. As consistency is the key to archery, it is important to maintain the consistency of your peep sight as well.

So that, whenever you aim, it ensures you are looking at your sight the same way every time. Usually, a bow doesn't come with a peep sight installed. So, you need to install it after buying your compound bow. Peep sight cannot be set at the factory, as every person is different. 

The distance between the anchor point and your eye will vary from person to person. So, you can set it up all by yourself or go to a shop for the setup. Besides, you might need help if you want to do it by yourself. One should draw the bow and instruct the other person to move the peep sight as needed.

Step 5: Set Up The Arrow Length

To determine the arrow length, you need to complete the draw length measurement. As we have already completed that step now, we can move on to determine the arrow's length. And for that, you need to stand straight, and your shoulders should be above your hips.

Stretch your arm out and make a fist against a wall, then turn your head to the fist. Don't overstretch your arm or don't bend it even a slight bit. Now take the measuring tape and measure the distance from the front of the flat of your hand where it is touching the wall to the corner of your mouth. 

The measurements may vary for obvious reasons. So, while choosing the arrow, don't go with a larger size than your measured value. Because if you take a long arrow, it will ruin your accuracy.

Step 6: Installing Arrow Rest On The Compound Bow

Now we are going to see how to set nock point on compound bow by installing an arrow rest. Every compound bow is unique, and to set up arrow rest, you must check their manual properly. No matter if you are a beginner or a professional, you cannot set up the arrow rest without learning the manual.

So the first step will be to check the manual for your compound bow.

To set up the arrow rest, you will either need help or a bow press.

Firstly, mount the rest on your bow. And then set the elevation on the rest. Put an arrow on the rest and check if the positioning works for you. Now check the manual and set it accordingly.

Step 7: Search The Nock Point

There are two systems for nocking point. And they are brass nock set or a string loop. No matter which one you choose, the procedure will require a T-square. This tool will find the parallel point of the string to the cushion button hole. Besides, by using T-square you will get an accurate result.

Step 8: Tie The D-Loop

After finding the nock point, let's make the d-loop. A D-loop is made by a cord and placed on the nock point.

The D-loop should be around 4.25 to 4.75 inches in length. Firstly, cut the cord with the help of a scissor and a measuring tape. Now burn both ends of the cord to give it a nice finish. Now tie the cord, making a D-shape on the string at the nock point.

Step 9: Lets’ Do The Paper Tuning

After assembling up a compound bow, let's do the paper tuning. Frame a piece of paper and shoot from a distance of 5–10 feet. After that, examine the paper properly. The hole in the paper should have 3 vane marks, and the marks should be spread evenly.

If your bow is showing this mark, then it was tuned correctly and doesn't need any adjustment. But if the mark is any different than similar 3 vanes, then you need to adjust the nocking point again.

Different types of vane shapes refer to different solutions. The solutions to these problems can be determined as follows:

Low tail: You should lower the rest or raise the nock point.

High tail: In this case lower the nock point and raise the rest. Sometimes it can cause because by a weak arrow spine as well.

Right tail: The rest should be moved to the right side.

Left Tail: The rest should be moved to the left side.

If after doing all these you cannot get the perfect hole, then get professional help and reset your compound bow.

Wrapping Up

Setting up a compound bow needs precision and patience. If you can follow the steps one by one, then it shouldn't take too long for the compound bow assembly. Even after having years of experience, people still struggle to tune a compound bow on the first try.

So, have patience while tuning the gadget. Besides, it will teach you a lot about the bow that you are using. So, gather the knowledge by learning how to set up a compound bow and get the best out of it.

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